Running for Federal office in the US

Requirements to run for US Senate, House of Representatives and President

Requirements to run for…

… US HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, US SENATE OR PRESIDENT

To run for federal office – whether for the Senate, the House of Representatives, or the Presidency – candidates must meet certain requirements that are laid out in the U.S. Constitution. These requirements have been established to ensure that candidates have a sufficient connection to the United States and its citizens. Here are the criteria for each office:

US House of Representatives Chambers

U.S. House of Representatives

The requirements for the House are somewhat less stringent than those for the Senate, as outlined in Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution:

Age: Must be at least 25 years old.

Citizenship: Must have been a citizen of the United States for at least seven years.

Residency: Must be an inhabitant of the state they represent, though not necessarily the same district, at the time of the election.

US Senate Chambers

U.S. Senate

To run for the U.S. Senate, a candidate must meet the following requirements as set forth in Article I, Section 3 of the Constitution:

Age: Must be at least 30 years old.

Citizenship: Must have been a citizen of the United States for at least nine years.

Residency: Must be a resident of the state from which they are elected at the time of the election.

Oval Office

U.S. President

The requirements for the Presidency are found in Article II, Section 1 of the Constitution and further clarified by the 22nd Amendment and the natural-born citizen clause:

Age: Must be at least 35 years old.

Natural Born Citizen: Must be a natural-born citizen of the United States. This term is not defined in the Constitution itself but has generally been interpreted to mean someone who was a U.S. citizen at birth, with no need to go through a naturalization process.

Residency: Must have lived in the United States for at least 14 years.

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