Requirements to run for US Senate, House of Representatives and President
Requirements to run for…
… US HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, US SENATE OR PRESIDENT
To run for federal office – whether for the Senate, the House of Representatives, or the Presidency – candidates must meet certain requirements that are laid out in the U.S. Constitution. These requirements have been established to ensure that candidates have a sufficient connection to the United States and its citizens. Here are the criteria for each office:
U.S. House of Representatives
The requirements for the House are somewhat less stringent than those for the Senate, as outlined in Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution:
Age: Must be at least 25 years old.
Citizenship: Must have been a citizen of the United States for at least seven years.
Residency: Must be an inhabitant of the state they represent, though not necessarily the same district, at the time of the election.
To run for the U.S. Senate, a candidate must meet the following requirements as set forth in Article I, Section 3 of the Constitution:
Age: Must be at least 30 years old.
Citizenship: Must have been a citizen of the United States for at least nine years.
Residency: Must be a resident of the state from which they are elected at the time of the election.
The requirements for the Presidency are found in Article II, Section 1 of the Constitution and further clarified by the 22nd Amendment and the natural-born citizen clause:
Age: Must be at least 35 years old.
Natural Born Citizen: Must be a natural-born citizen of the United States. This term is not defined in the Constitution itself but has generally been interpreted to mean someone who was a U.S. citizen at birth, with no need to go through a naturalization process.
Residency: Must have lived in the United States for at least 14 years.